Senegal flag and anthem

The flag of Senegal is one of the most famous symbols of this West African country, which has a rich history and culture. The flag consists of three vertical stripes of equal width in the colors green, yellow, and red. A green five-pointed star is placed in the middle of the yellow stripe. What do these colors and symbols mean?

The green color represents the lush vegetation of the country and the Muslim faith of the majority of the population. The color yellow symbolizes the heat of the sun, art, and prosperity. The color red refers to the bloodshed in the struggles for independence from France, a former colonial power. The green star expresses Senegal's openness to the other five continents and its desire for unity and cooperation.

The Senegalese national anthem is called Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons (Everyone play the kora, strike the balafon) and was composed in 1960 after independence from France. The text was written by the poet and politician Léopold Sédar Senghor, who was also the first president of Senegal.

A kora is a 21-stringed musical instrument related to the lute. The balafon is a traditional African musical instrument similar to the xylophone.

The hymn has four stanzas and a chorus that reads:

Pincez tous vos koras,frappez les balafons.

Le lion rouge and rugi.

Le dompteur de la brousse

D'un bond s'est élancé,

Dissipant les ténébres.

Soleil sur nos terreurs, soleil sur notre espoir.

Everyone play the chorus, strike the balafon.

The red lion roared.

Tamer of the Jungle 

He jumped and ran

He dispelled the darkness.

The sun on our fears, the sun on our hope.

The anthem is a symbol of Senegalese identity and unity. The anthem reflects the cultural heritage of Senegal and its struggle for freedom and progress. It is also a proud expression of Senegalese patriotism and optimism.